The Anatomy of Your Teeth

According to prosthodontists, around 35 million Americans do not have any teeth in one or both their jaws.

The teeth are the hardest substance in the human body. Held within the jaw bones, they are essential for chewing, contribute to your appearance—particularly your facial shape and structure—and enable you to speak properly.

While adults have 32 permanent teeth, young children have 20 primary teeth initially. Children begin to develop their first adult teeth around the age of six, and have completely developed them by the time they turn 13.
Did you know: Cats have 30 teeth, dogs have 42 teeth, while an armadillo has 104 teeth!

Different parts of the teeth

1. Enamel

White in color, it is the hardest part of a tooth.

2. Dentin

It is the bottom layer that is made up of living cells and which secretes hard mineral substances.

3. Cementum

It is the connective tissue layer that attaches the roots of the teeth to the gums firmly.

4. Pulp

This is the softer inner structure of the teeth. The nerves and blood vessel run through the pulp.

5. Periodontal ligament:

It is the tissue that functions to hold the teeth against the jaw.

Types of teeth

There are different types of teeth, each having its own unique function.

1. Canines

There are 4 canines in an adult mouth. These are sharp teeth that play an important role in biting and tearing food.

2. Incisors

These are 8 teeth in the center of an adult mouth, four each on the upper and lower jaws. They play a vital role in cutting food.

3. Premolars

These are the 8 teeth between the canines and the molars, four on the upper jaw and four on the lower one. They help a person tear and crush food.

4. Molars

These are the 8 largest teeth located at the back of an adult mouth that have wide surfaces chewing and grinding food.

5. Wisdom teeth

These 4 teeth are also called third molars. They are located at the extreme end of the mouth. However, since they can cause infection, misalignment and overcrowding, dentists often remove them surgically.

Advanced Dental Center takes care of the dental needs of adults and children both. It has the best team of dentists in Frederick, Maryland that offer the best cosmetic treatments such as veneers and teeth whitening treatment. So, if you want a healthier smile, contact us now to book your appointment!